Idiopathic Osteosclerosis

Source:  Idiopathic Osteosclerosis    Tag:  radiographs dental

Focal radiodensity of the jaw which is not inflammatory, dysplastic, neoplastic or a manifestation of a systemic disease.
It's an area of dense but normal bone in the jaws, which is usually painless and discovered by Routine Dental Radiographic Examination.

Osteosclerosis may occur anywhere in the jaws.
Most commonly, it appears to be attached to a tooth, specially around roots and inter-radicular.
The shape ranges from round to linear streaks to occasional angular forms.
They are more common in the mandibular molar-premolar area.
They are usually discovered on radiographs taken during the course routine dental care.
It appears in 5% of population, most commonly in the teen of 20s.

A reaction to past trauma or infection but it's difficult to rule out in some cases.

Because osteosclerosis is not a disease, no treatment is required. If there is doubt about the diagnosis, periodic X-rays are taken. Although some lesions may slowly enlarge, most remain
unchanged with time.


Differential Diagnosis:
Condensing osteitis, sclerosing osteomyelitis, cementoblastoma, hypercementosis.
Condensing osteitis may resemble idiopathic osteosclerosis, however, associated teeth are always
nonvital in condensing osteitis.


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:: World Of Dentistry :: TEAM